Finland

Finland – facts & figures
Finland is situated between the 60th and 70th parallels of latitude, making it the northernmost country on the European continent. A quarter of its area lies north of the Arctic Circle. Forests cover about 75 per cent of the country. This makes Finland the most heavily forested country in Europe, with 20 million hectares under forest cover. Bodies of water cover almost ten per cent of Finland and it is aptly known as a Land of a Thousand Lakes. 

Area: 338,430 km²
Population: 5,509,717 (2017)
Capital: Helsinki (1,470,552 inhabitants in 2017)
Languages: 89% of the resident population spoke Finnish, 5% Swedish and 1% Russian as their native language (in 2017)
Currency: Euro (EUR), 1EUR = 100 Eurocents
Form of government: Parliamentary democracy
Parliament: 200 members in one chamber, elected every 4 years in a direct vote
Head of State: President of Republic, elected every 6 years, two term maximum. Currently: Sauli Niinistö (since 2012)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Juha Sipilä (since 2015)
GDP per capita: 46,342 USD (in 2017)
Religion: 79% of the population were Lutheran and 1,1% Orthodox. 26,3% of the population had no religious affiliation (2010)
Membership: UN, OECD, EU, Schengen, OSCE, IMF, WTO and others

 

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